Montenegro

Montenegro

Cetinje

The genesis of Cetinje, first of all, was conditioned by historical - political and socio - economic circumstances of the second half of the 15th century. Specifically, conquers the Turks forced the then lord of Zeta IvanaCrnojevića to the seat of the state - from the fortified town of Zabljak - move to the inaccessible region. The first was done in 1475, when the ruler of Zeta moved his capital to Rijeka Crnojevic, then had to go even deeper into the mountains, at the foot of the mountain hunters.

At the beginning of 1482, Ivan Crnojević stopped at Cetinje field, where he raised his palace, and in two years even a monastery. He founded a new capital of the state, which was named Cetinje.

The sudden rise of Cetinje under Crnojevicdynasty  was terminated at the end of the 15th century, because Zeta lost its independence in 1499, and the only free part of the state was reduced to rocky area between Rijeka Crnojevića and the Bay of Kotor.

The disappearance Crnojević dynasty as the builder of the new spirit, the next two centuries recorded stagnation of Cetinje. City fleeing torn between Venice and Turkey, often under attack invaders, in those times was subjected to severe trials. During this period of pain, and then killed the two most recognizable symbols of the city - palace and monastery.

 

But with the end of the 17th century, Cetinjestarted to develop again. More precisely, it all begins in 1697, when the founder of the Montenegrin dynasty Petrovic - Danilo, was elected as Metropolitan of Cetinje. Petrovic dynasty, with the right of hereditary power, will rule Cetinjeand Montenegro in the next two centuries, until 1918.

 

Occupied liberation wars and strengthening the unity in Montenegro, Bishop Danilo and his successors did not have enough time for thorough action on the construction of Cetinje. The first significant moment in the biographies of the city, concerning its development will occur during the reign of Njegoš. Our great poet and philosopher, 1838, not far from the monastery, he made a new royal residence – BilliardHalle(it used to be called New House) and Cetinje is increased by raising new house. All this, gradually pointed towards urbanization space center of the Montenegrin state.

However, the age of the great progress of Cetinje, in the full sense of the term, will occur during the reign of King Nikola I Petrovic. It is the period for which it will be built a number of public buildings. Thus, in 1864 built an impressive building the first hotel - "Lokando", and three years later and the new prince's palace. Among the buildings that are built in the same period, an indispensable and former Girls' Institute, and building hospitals.

International recognition of Montenegro, 1878, Cetinje increasingly acquired a reputation and the outlines of a European capital - with all the appropriate attributes. As the years progressed, the capital of the Montenegrin state was more modern buildings, a number of embassies, and by 1914, Cetinje is experiencing a kind of urban - population boom. From that period, indeed, dating back to the building of the Government House, and today's Royal Theatre "Zetski Dom".

In that epoch, to come in Cetinje have stayed many intellectuals from different parts of South Slavic and beyond, which was an immeasurable contribution to the development of cultural - educational, health and other spheres of social life.

In the period between the two world wars, Cetinje was the seat of the Zeta Banovina. Population in this period further increased, and, according to the census conducted in 1931, the city had a population of 8,982. In addition, the metropolitan area has expanded territorially, in the same period,Cetinje gets one of the building that is today characteristic of the city's architecture - building Banovina, and today the seat of Cetinje.

After the Second World War, the decision of the National Assembly of the Republic of Montenegro, the new capital city was declared the Podgorica, respectively, then Titograd. Thus, from Cetinje leaving many bodies of the Republic and the administration.

During the post-war decades, the establishment of industries, with serious neglect of the development of traditional and potentially possible cultural - educational functions and tourist facilities, the city has failed to create a broader and more reliable basis for faster and more substantial socio - economic prosperity.

The nineties of the last century, was marked by wars in the neighborhood, inflation and sanctions, and along with the stagnation of the economy and the rise in unemployment in Cetinje. But returning attributes and official status of cultural, spiritual and historical capital of Montenegro, provided the impetus new city development.